Can You Get Pneumonia From The Pneumonia Shot – Are you at risk for pneumonia? The deadly disease peaks in the winter months, but can strike at any time of the year.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 900,000 Americans get pneumonia each year, and 45,000 to 63,000 people die from pneumonia-related complications. Although a flu shot is encouraged every year, not everyone needs a pneumonia shot, said Brian Curtis, MD, vice president of clinical specialty services for OSF Medical Group.
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“The chances of getting pneumonia as a young, healthy adult are very low, while the chances of getting the flu are pretty good,” said Dr. Curtis. “Immunization is a very beneficial way to help prevent many diseases. You protect yourself and those around you. There will always be a subset of the population that is immune due to medical conditions or because Those who can’t get the vaccine will get pneumonia. Vaccination also helps protect this vulnerable population.”
Are You 65 Or Older? Get Two Vaccinations Against Pneumonia
Young, healthy adults who unfortunately develop pneumonia may experience a cough, fever, and a prescription for antibiotics for about 5-7 days. However, those with underlying medical conditions are at higher risk of complications that can lead to hospitalization and even death.
There are two types of pneumonia vaccine. The first vaccine is the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13). The second vaccine is the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23). Healthy adults under the age of 65 also don’t need it. However, depending on your health, you may need to get both to protect against pneumonia and any potentially dangerous complications.
This vaccine is given in a series of injections to children up to 15 months of age. The US government recommends that a person receive the dose between the ages of 6 and 18. Anyone between the ages of 19 and 64, with a blood disorder, damaged or missing spleen, weakened immune system, kidney disease, or cancer should get the vaccine.
At age 65, everyone should talk to their primary care provider about whether or not they should get this vaccine.
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Like other types of vaccines, this vaccine should be given to anyone 65 years of age or older. Anyone 19 years of age or older who smokes or has asthma should also get this vaccine.
People ages 2 to 64 should also get the vaccine if they have heart disease, lung disease, sickle cell anemia, diabetes, alcoholism, a compromised immune system, a damaged or missing spleen, or cancer*.
For more details about who should get the pneumonia vaccine and when they should get it, please visit the CDC website and the HHS website.
Unlike the flu shot, adults do not need to get a pneumonia shot every year. According to Dr. Curtis, pneumonia vaccines usually last for 10 years. We’ve provided a handy chart to help you determine if you’re at high risk for complications and should contact your doctor’s office to ask about the pneumonia vaccine.
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If you have any questions or concerns about whether you need the pneumonia vaccine, please call your doctor’s office. Don’t have a primary care doctor? Find one here. A nurse fills syringes for patients as they receive their coronavirus (COVID-19) booster vaccinations in Southfield, Michigan, U.S., Sept. 29, 2021.
Pfizer Inc ( PFE.N ) said on Wednesday that booster doses of its COVID-19 vaccine can be given together with its pneumonia vaccine and show strong and safe immune responses in people aged 65 and older. produce Advanced study.
The study, launched in May, tested the company’s next-generation pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, PREVNAR 20, with a third dose of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 injected into 570 participants.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and immune response of the combination after adding the pneumonia vaccine to the existing COVID-19 vaccine.
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Responses to PREVNAR 20 and a booster dose of the COVID-19 vaccine were similar when given together or with placebo, the company said.
Pfizer said the data support the ability of PREVNAR 20 and the company’s COVID-19 vaccine to be administered at the same time, reducing the number of visits people have to doctors or pharmacies to get their recommended immunizations.
PREVNAR 20 has been approved by the US. The Food and Drug Administration last June helped protect adults from the most invasive pneumococcal diseases and pneumonia.
Study participants were recruited from the company’s late-stage COVID-19 vaccine study, and those who received a second dose of the company’s COVID-19 vaccine at least six months before entering the co-administration study. Who was As you plan to get your flu shot this season, you should also talk to your doctor about whether you need another shot to protect against common respiratory infections: the pneumococcal shot.
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While you might think of it as a vaccine for people 65 and older, it’s too late to wait if you have an inflammatory form of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). , lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis (APs) or axial spondyloarthritis. (axSpA). ).
“Living with an autoimmune disease like rheumatoid arthritis makes you more susceptible to serious infections and your risk of pneumonia,” says Justin Owensby, PharmD, PhD, research pharmacist in the Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. increases.” (UAB). “Getting vaccinated against infectious diseases is especially important. Vaccines strengthen your immune response and protect your health and the health of those around you.”
Unfortunately, many people with inflammatory arthritis do not receive the pneumonia vaccine as part of their routine care. According to a recent study of rheumatoid arthritis patients, for example, only 10 percent of people treated in rural areas meet this recommendation.
American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for pneumococcal vaccines.
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Pneumonia is an infection of one or both lungs. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi. When germs enter the lungs, they can overwhelm the immune system, causing inflammation, cough, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing.
Bacterial pneumonia, which can occur after a previous viral infection, such as a cold or the flu, is the most common type of pneumonia in adults.
If you have inflammatory arthritis, the same chronic systemic inflammation that targets your joints can also reduce your body’s natural immune defenses. This increases the risk of serious infections such as pneumonia. Also, taking certain medications to manage your condition can weaken or suppress your immune response, making you more susceptible to pneumonia.
If you’re between the ages of 19 and 64 and living with inflammatory arthritis, rheumatologists recommend getting the pneumonia vaccine if you haven’t already had one.
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There are two types of pneumonia vaccines. You’ll need one of each, at least eight weeks apart.
PVC13, which was developed earlier, helps protect against 13 different strains of pneumococcal bacteria. PPSV23 helps protect against an additional 10 different strains.
Unlike the flu shot, there is no specific “season” or time of year to get the pneumonia shot. You can get it anytime. Also, unlike the flu, this is not an annual vaccine. You only need to take it once, with a follow-up dose a few years later.
“These two vaccines together cover the most virulent serotypes [a group of bacterial species] responsible for severe pneumonia,” says Dr. Owensby, adding That Streptococcus pneumoniae has more than 90 serotypes, all of which can cause disease.
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“PCV13 is recommended to be given first because of the immune response to the vaccine given in this setting,” he explains. “Those who received PPSV23 as an initial dose had lower antibody responses after subsequent administration of PCV13 than those who received PCV13 as an initial dose. on and followed by a dose of PPSV23.”
Although recent studies have found lower rates of vaccine effectiveness in patients with inflammatory arthritis who take disease-modifying drugs, experts still agree that vaccination against pneumonia is essential.
“Overall, it reduces the risk of complications,” says Vinicius Domingues, MD, a rheumatologist in Daytona Beach, Florida. “Pneumonia can be fatal.”
Dr. Leiber says that pneumococcal vaccines are inactivated (not live) and are generally considered safe for people with inflammatory arthritis who are taking immunosuppressants.
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A study published in the journal Rheumatology found that conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) — drugs such as methotrexate that are taken to reduce disease activity — reduced the effects of both the PCV13 and PCV23 vaccines. can reduce
In other words, people taking these drugs who get both vaccines may not be as protected as people who don’t take immunosuppressive drugs.
“People with inflammatory arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, are able to develop protective antibodies after pneumococcal vaccination,” says Dr. Leiber. “However, because some immunosuppressive drugs may be associated with a decreased immune response to the vaccine, your doctor may consider timing pneumococcal vaccination according to your immune system to maximize your immune response. Is.”
If possible, the best time to get vaccinated is before starting immunosuppressants. If you are already activated.
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