Cheapest Place To Buy Lumber Near Me – Building with wood is a good thing – if the quality of the materials is right. Whether proper ownership is given and strict requirements are met can only be recognized with proper knowledge. Find out now what to pay attention to when choosing wood.
Wood is used in construction for roofs and ceilings, as supports, beams and sleepers, as well as for walls. But not all types of wood are suitable for building a house. To be used as firewood, wood must meet certain quality standards, and regulations and standards have changed over time and become more stringent in many ways.
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You can read all the legal rules for wood in the list of building rules A and B. List A contains names of requirements for Germany, list B contains requirements for European regions. Since 2012, the CE mark is also mandatory for construction timber.
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But why is the quality of wood so important? It’s not just looks. If the quality of wood is not correct, the stability and safety of the constructed building cannot be ensured.
Semi-dry wood can no longer be used today. The wood must always be dry, as damp wood can damage the structure. One of the reasons is that wet wood “works” more than dry wood and attracts pests. Possible consequences: wood shrinks, cracks or deforms.
After sawing, the moisture content of the wood is more than 30%. If this wood is used, not only the risk of further changes, but also mold and other fungi. Wood preservatives in treated wood serve to protect against pests, but they also have a crucial drawback: in case of destruction or damage, chemically treated wood cannot be recycled and must be disposed of separately.
The so-called equilibrium moisture content is the determining factor for the dryness of construction wood. This means that the wood is as wet as the ambient air in the later place. This is defined in DIN 1052. Equilibrium moisture content for:
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Construction wood for wooden houses and roof structures is called structural wood (KVH). Special wood is characterized by moisture content of 15 to 18 percent.
An important element of construction with wood is a wooden beam. Rays as wood have many positive qualities. However, single-piece wooden beams are also prone to cracking and warping.
As a result of such changes in the timber, buildings can create gaps and leaks that let out heat, for example. If cold air enters the house through cracks and joints, it costs energy and ultimately money. In addition, the risk of mold and other damage caused by moisture ingress is high.
Industrially produced laminates avoid this problem. It is produced in the same way as glued laminated timber: the so-called two-five square timbers or planks are made by gluing them on the flat side and parallel to the grain. The wood for this log is cut from the middle of the tree trunk, because the wood of this layer has only the diameter of a small branch.
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In addition, the lamella or square wood used in production can only have a maximum moisture content of 15%. This means that further drying after construction is no longer a problem and the quality of the wood is guaranteed.
The so-called finger joint is also used in production: Here the finger profile is milled to the end and the wooden elements are assembled under pressure.
Duo and Trio share many of the properties of structural hardwood. This is one of the reasons why wood is often not used when special dimensional stability or chemical protection of the wood is required. Other common areas of application are:
Although finished logs have glued joints, they look like solid wood and are suitable for building houses. They are characterized by low humidity and high dimensional stability. This is also true of laminate wood, but duo and trio wood have more properties than solid wood.
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You can easily work on double and trio wood, and in most cases chemical protection of the wood is unnecessary. The wood is rarely cracked and very strong with relatively little weight.
Duo and trio have special requirements in production. The manufacturer must be a member of the Studiengemeinschaft Holzleimbau or the Konstruktionsvollholz Monitoring Association. c. be Since these wooden beams are load-bearing, the quality of oak and trio is checked by official bodies. Manufacturing companies require proof of appropriate controls.
In addition to self-regulation by the manufacturer, regular tests are carried out by the Institute for Materials Research and Testing of the University of Stuttgart (FMPA). Relevant manufacturing standards include DIN 1052 and DIN 4074 (house construction) as well as DIN 64140-1, DIN 68141 and DIN EN 385 (glued construction).
Different strength and quality classes are available (DIN 4074) and optical separation is also performed. Depending on the purpose of use, wood is also classified into visible quality (Si) and invisible quality (NSi):
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Use classes 1 and 2 according to DIN 1052 determine the possibility of use in indoor or outdoor areas.
There are also precise specifications and standards for dual and trio beam sizes. Depending on the cut, wooden beams can be up to 18 m long. Layers with a maximum width of 240 mm and a thickness of 80 mm can be closed up to a timber cut of 1.50 square meters.
Duo and trio logs are made from local species of wood – such as pine, spruce and fir, as well as fir and Douglas fir.
Melamine resin glue, polyurethane glue or resorcinol resin glue are used as glue. These differ in color and weather resistance. Therefore, some adhesive sticks are only suitable for indoor use. You should consider this when choosing the right wood.
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With proper wax and care, the wood is durable and strong. In this guide, you will learn step by step how to seal and care for wood with wax.
This guide will show you how to properly insulate your roof and save valuable energy. Step by step, he will guide you to the optimal insulation between the rafters.
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Do you want to insulate the ceiling? The instructions explain step by step how to choose the right insulation material, clean the floor and install it successfully.
In this guide you will find the most important information about the most common types of insulation and which insulation materials are used in which areas of the house.
GmbH & Co. Deutschland KG excludes all liability for incorrect and professional installation in accordance with the instructions and incorrect use of the item. Your statutory rights are not limited to this. Observe personal safety when performing and wear appropriate protective equipment if necessary. Electrical work may only be carried out by a certified electrician (DIN VDE 1000-10). When installing the item, the work must be done in accordance with BGV A3. If you are not familiar with the relevant rules, do not do this. We strive for maximum accuracy in all details. Third-party copyrights are maintained for content not created in-house. The image sources used are from the following platforms & colon; iStock.com, GettyImages, Shutterstock, live4media & Friedrich Strauss Gartenbildagentur. You never know what kind of wood you might find in a place like this. photonblast / Unsplash
As a carpenter, I use a lot of wood. Sometimes I go out and buy new materials for a specific project, but over the past few years I’ve built up a large personal stash. Now I can do most projects with wood as long as I am flexible with the design. This has helped me save a lot of money, especially when wood prices are at their current levels.
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When many people first start woodworking, they head to the nearest big box store to buy the supplies they need. And there is nothing wrong with that. But that rarely gets you the best price or the best wood. Learn to look outside the hardware store to build a great collection and save money.
Avoid retail chain pricing by going directly to sawmills or specialty hardwood dealers. If in the area, you can find great deals on all types of wood. My local mill is usually $1 or less per board foot than the nearest big box store and usually has high quality lumber sourced from a wide selection of species. They can also custom or cut almost any shape and size I want.
Another advantage of a local lumberyard is that you can buy lumber that has been cut (planed) on all four sides, just like you would normally buy at a hardware store. This means more effort on your part to smooth the wood, but it’s usually a little cheaper. And if you have the right tools, like a router and a grinder, woodworking won’t take long.
Many companies that work with trees, at least in my area, have mobile factories. If you tell them you’re looking for firewood, they’ll often be able to cut you a few slabs of any local tree that’s fallen. These companies also often post recently cut wood slabs for sale on their websites or in local Facebook and Craigslist groups.
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There are two disadvantages to getting wood in this way. The first is that the wood is rougher and requires more work than factory-sawn lumber.
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