Is The Pneumonia Shot Safe – The COVID-19 pandemic has shown us the importance of scientific progress and vaccines. In July 2021, the FDA approved another important vaccine: Prevnar 20.
Prevnar 20¹ (pneumococcal 20-valent conjugate vaccine) prevents infectious diseases and pneumonia caused by 20 different serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus).
Is The Pneumonia Shot Safe
Prevention of pneumococcal diseases such as pneumonia and bacterial meningitis is important for humans. The death rate from pneumonia in people over the age of 70 has fallen slightly since 1990². In 1990, more than 2 million children died from pneumonia.
Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
Thanks to science, we’ve seen a staggering three-fold reduction in child mortality, but it’s still a huge problem.
Prevnar 20 is a single intramuscular (IM) injection for adults 18 years of age or older. Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, a subsidiary of Pfizer, manufactures the vaccine.
Pneumonia is an acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs. Your lungs have small air-filled sacs called alveoli. Pneumonia causes these sacs to fill with pus and fluid. This makes breathing difficult and painful, limiting oxygen intake.
Pneumonia can be caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi. Streptococcus pneumoniae (often abbreviated pneumococcus) is the most common bacterial cause of pneumonia. It also causes an infection called pneumococcal disease.
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Pneumococcus can cause other invasive diseases that affect parts of the body other than microbes. The blood can become infected and cause sepsis, a life-threatening infection.
Pneumococcus can also cause meningitis. About 15% of children with pneumococcal meningitis die, and 25% experience serious complications, including seizures, blindness or hearing loss, and learning or language problems.
Hundreds of thousands of children die each year from pneumonia, a largely preventable disease. 740,180 children⁵ under the age of five died of pneumonia in 2019. It is the leading cause of death in children under the age of five, accounting for 22% of all deaths in children aged one to five years.
Children die more often from pneumonia in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. More than half of all childhood pneumonia deaths were in five countries:
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As a result, Kevin Watkins and Devi Sridhar, in a 2018 article in the Lancet⁶, called pneumonia “the greatest disease of poverty”.
Pneumonia does not spread easily across borders. Transmission appears to be limited to local communities and can be controlled with simple health measures until it is found. However, there is a strong relationship between country income and child mortality.
These countries often have poor health infrastructure and people cannot afford treatment, so pneumonia is common in low-income areas.
The pneumococcal vaccine can protect us from pneumococcal diseases such as pneumonia and reduce the number of deaths from the infection.
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The Centers for Disease Control (CDC⁷) recommends the pneumococcal vaccine for children younger than two years and adults older than 65 years. If you or your child are immunocompromised or have a long-term medical condition such as heart disease, you should get it. vaccines regardless of age
There are other situations in which your doctor may recommend vaccination. If you’re not sure, ask if you meet the criteria.
Pneumovax 23® is the oldest pneumococcal vaccine available, approved by the FDA nearly 40 years ago in 1983. Prevnar 13® has been FDA approved since 2011 after studies showed it prevents serious pneumococcal infections.
Because Vaxneuvance® and Prevnar 20 are new vaccines, there is no data on how effective they are in the general population. The FDA approved these vaccines because of clinical trial data showing a similar immune response to Prevnar 13®.
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Polysaccharides are a type of complex sugar and cover some bacteria. Training the immune system to recognize bacteria is an adaptation to the sugar coating. The best way to do this is to bind the sugar to an antigen that your body knows very well.
Prevnar 20 uses 20 different polysaccharides corresponding to 20 serotypes, hence the name PCV20. If the version of the bacteria you got from the vaccine gets into your body, your immune system recognizes the polysaccharide and releases antibodies to fight it before it infects you.
Scientists developed Prevnar 20 because the 20 vaccine serotypes cause more than half of all cases of pneumococcal disease (IPD) in people over 65 years of age. pneumococcal disease. More than 100 different strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae have been found.
A 2021 study discussed how PCVs significantly reduced pneumococcal disease, but there were still major problems with infections from non-PCV serotypes. The researchers examined the safety and efficacy of PCV20 by comparing Prevnar 13 and Pneumovax 23.
Need A Pneumonia Shot?
They found it to be well tolerated, safe, and expected to improve prevention of pneumococcal disease in adults.
The analysis¹⁰ shows that one month after vaccination in adults aged 60 years or older, Prevnar 20 induced a similar immune response to all 13 serotypes shared with Prevnar 13. The researchers confirmed the same results in response to six of the seven serotypes, that Pneumovax 23 has.
Six clinical trials studied Prevnar 20 before it was approved by the FDA. These studies found that side effects were similar across all ages, and most were mild or moderate.
As with many vaccines, the most common side effect is pain at the injection site. This shows up as redness, swelling, pain or tenderness.
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Less than 2% of people experience one or more side effects within six months, although these may not be related to the vaccine.
Although the CDC recommends the pneumococcal vaccine, there may be times when the vaccine is not right for you.
Children under the age of two should not be given PPSV23. People under the age of 18 should not be given PCV15 or PCV20.
You should not receive Prevnar 20 if you have ever had a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to any part of the vaccine. The vaccine contains diphtheria protein, so you should avoid this vaccine if you have ever had an allergic reaction to DTaP.
How Often Do I Need To Get Pneumonia Vaccine
Tell your doctor if you have any life-threatening allergies. They will check the ingredients to make sure the vaccine is safe for you.
You are more likely to be vaccinated if you have a mild illness such as the flu. However, if you have a more serious illness, you will have to wait until you recover. Your doctor can advise you on whether you can get vaccinated.
Your first port of call should be the doctor’s office. However, you can ask for a referral if they do not have the pneumococcal vaccine. Other areas to try include:
Prevnar 13® is part of the routine vaccination program for children. You should be able to get the vaccine easily:
Or Older? Get Your Pneumonia Vaccine
Another option is to contact your state health department to find out where pneumococcal vaccines are available in your community.
Although no vaccine is 100 percent effective in preventing the disease, the FDA considers all four pneumococcal vaccines to be safe and effective.
Pneumococcus is a dangerous bacterium that causes pneumonia and meningitis, among other diseases. In 2019, 2.5 million people died from pneumonia, and about 15% of children who get meningitis die from it. That is why it is important to get vaccinated and Prevnar 20 is a booster vaccine that can protect us additionally.
Scientific research has declared Prevnar 20 to be safe and effective, with mild side effects. If you have any questions about the vaccine and your eligibility, ask your healthcare provider.
Do I Need The Pneumonia Vaccine?
Victoria is a writer from the UK with a passion for health and science. She enjoys writing about mental health, scientific breakthroughs and debunking pseudoscience. When she’s not writing sassy articles, she’s walking her rescue dog, reminiscing about anxiety, eating chocolate, and absorbing useless knowledge from quizzes.
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Want to know if there are any medical conditions you may be eligible for? , and the nervous system. It is one of the leading vaccine-preventable diseases that can cause death in the United States. Transmitted by contact, people of all ages are susceptible, with children under the age of two, adults over 65, and people with pre-existing medical conditions most at risk.
The pneumococcal vaccine can help prevent pneumococcal disease. There are two types of pneumococcal vaccines available in the United States: pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23). can provide people living in the Beverly area at our pharmacy.
Information About Pneumonia
The pneumonia vaccine helps prevent pneumococcal disease, which is any type of disease caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. There are two types of pneumococcal vaccine available in the United States:
The CDC recommends PCV13 for all children younger than 2 years of age and people 2 years of age or older with certain medical conditions. Adults 65 years of age or older can also discuss and decide to take PCV13 with their doctor.
CDC recommends PPSV23 for all adults 65 years of age or older, people 2 to 64 years of age with certain medical conditions, and adults 19 to 64 years of age who smoke.
Wondering what else you can do to prevent pneumonia besides getting vaccinated? Here are some things that can help:
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Practice a healthy lifestyle –
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