Stripes In The American Flag – Some terms refer to the physical parts used to assemble the flag, and others refer to the elements of the flag, defining their position and location in relation to the design of the flag.
And not all flags are created equal. The United States flag can be customized differently for unique applications.
Stripes In The American Flag
Header (or header) – The header is a strip of material placed on the mast (hoist) side of the flag, which is used to secure the flag to the halyard line. The headboard is usually made of a thick cotton/poly blend that feels like canvas.
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Washers: A metal ring or grommet inserted into the header. They are usually made of brass and are used to hang a flag outdoors.
Canton – Technically, a canton can be any quarter of a flag. In modern flag design, this usually refers to the upper left corner (top bow), which is a position of honor. The corner of the US flag, also called the Union, is a blue background on which 50 stars are sewn or applied.
Flag Edge: The edge of the flag farthest from the pole. The term fly is used to describe the length of the flag, while the fly is the side that is not attached. By nature, it “flies” freely and tolerates the greatest stress or whiplash.
Hoist – The term hoist is used to refer to the half (and edge) closest to where the flag is flown. It also refers to the distance from the top to the bottom of the flag. This is confusing as it is a vertical measurement but it describes the width of the flag.
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Imagine that the flag is divided into four quadrants and each quadrant is named after the edges it borders, the top left corner being the top corner.
Fly – The term fly is used to describe the half and edge of the flag furthest from the shaft. It can also be used to describe the length (horizontal measurement) of a flag.
Flag End – The flag end is the edge of the flag furthest from the pole, the end that “flies” freely.
Honor Position: A position of honor is usually the top lifter. It is also commonly called canton. Many colonial flags use this area to honor their ruling country. Australia is now independent, but the flag of Australia 🇦🇺 is a good example.
Red, White & Blue: American Flag Symbolism
United States flags with a pole hem are sometimes called pennants. Instead of grommets and a header, they are designed so that the sleeve slides over the pole.
Pole Hem – The term pole hem refers to the casing on the side of the riser that is used to attach to the pole. To create a sleeve, the main material of the flag is expanded or additional material is added.
When the flag material is extended, the stripe and canton colors continue and the flag appears elongated. When additional material is added, it is usually white and looks like a traditional headboard.
A sleeve is a hole (cover) on the side of the flagpole that slides down the pole.
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Tab: A button hole will be sewn into the sleeve. It is usually made of leather and is located at the top of the sleeve. This tab is used to attach the flag to the pole.
Flag: An American flag with a sleeve on a pole is often called a pennant. The term “banner” is used broadly to include flags in general, so the terms are often used interchangeably. But historically, the banner is stretched between two dots and often has text.
Large flags require more header support. The extra weight can cause the header to rip the flag, so a rope and thimble is the solution. This type of attachment also allows the larger flag to fly better.
The thimble is a horseshoe-shaped piece of steel with a channel. This is to hold the string. Thimbles are usually made of galvanized steel for strength, durability and rust prevention.
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Size: The string and thimble rig is generally designed for flags 8 feet by 12 feet or larger. Smaller flags do not require such support and can be flown with a traditional header and grommets.
While we’re looking at the parts of the US flag, here’s a quick explanation of what each part of the flag means.
The US flag has several nicknames. It is sometimes called Old Glory, The Stars and Stripes, or The Star Spangled Banner. There have been many variations over the years. As states joined the Union, the flag changed. Learn the history of the American flag.
The original Flag Act of 1777 did not provide for the placement of the stars and stripes, meaning it was left to the imagination of the flag maker.
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This finally changed in 1912, when President William Howard Taft signed an executive order declaring the flag’s official design. The current version (50 stars) was made official on July 4, 1960 and is the oldest American flag design.
In particular, the colors are: “White”, “Old Glory Red” and “Old Glory Blue”. According to the color sheet edited by JOSA, the colors are given in terms of fabric.
To use the colors of the official flag on display or in print, the State Department recommends the following translation.
Contrary to popular myth, the colors of the flag were not chosen for any specific meaning. It’s just that they were inherited from the British flag. (Actual colors)
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Later, when the United States seal was designed, the colors (red, white, and blue) were reused for consistency and assigned specific meanings.
“The colors of the fields (vertical stripes) are those used in the flag of the United States of America; White symbolizes purity and innocence, red – strength and courage, and blue – the color of the leader (a wide stripe on the stripe flag) means vigilance, perseverance and justice.”
For this reason, it is customary to attribute the same values to the colors of the American flag.
“The colors of our flag represent the qualities of the human spirit that we Americans value. Red for courage and sacrifice; white for pure intentions and high ideals; blue for vigilance and justice.”
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The official dimensions of the US flag are set forth in the US Code. Chapter 4, Section 1, is entitled “The Flag” and is commonly referred to as the United States Flag Code.
“Official” sizes apply to the executive branch and are required for flags flown in certain areas of government. Flags that conform to these dimensions are considered G-Spec or State Specified.
For the general public, the most common and popular American flag sizes are 12 x 18 inches, 2’x3′, 2.5’x4′, 3’x5′, 4’x6′ and 5’x8′.
We have already disassembled the flag, now it is time to explain the meaning of each symbol.
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The flag of the United States will have thirteen horizontal stripes, alternating red and white, and a union formed by white stars on a blue field Thirteen stripes
The 13 stripes of the American flag represent the 13 original colonies/states of Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Virginia.
There are 7 red stripes alternating with 6 white – red stripes on the top and bottom. Stripes of the same width run horizontally.
Hopkinson actually designed two flags, one for the Navy and one for the United States government. The only difference between the two flags was the order of the stripes. The naval flag began with a red stripe, and the state flag with a white stripe at the top.
Flag Of The United States Of America
Some believe that the red eventually took its place on the top and bottom for practical reasons, while the white would show more wear.
Originally, the stars were meant to signify “new constellation.” The number of stars has changed with the addition of new states and the placement of the stars on the flag has also changed.
The current layout is 9 rows. The rows are slightly staggered, alternating 6 stars in a row at the top and bottom with 5 rows in between. Each star should line up with a dot at the top.
In 1958, Robert Heft was a high school student. The stars of Hawaii and Alaska were added to the flag and new designs were also accepted.
Stars And Stripes Fabric
Heft presented his design as a class project. His teacher, Stanley Pratt, gave him a three for his design, saying it “lacks imagination.”
The two agreed that if the design was accepted by Congress, Taft would change the grade to an A. Heft’s design was chosen by Congress and President Dwight D. Eisenhower from more than 1,500 submissions, and the rest is history.
Before the five-pointed star was introduced into the design of the United States flag, it was rarely used in heraldry.
Heraldry is the study, design and display of coats of arms. Flags often take their design from military influences and heraldic devices. By the 18th century, the use of the six-pointed star was much more common.
American Flag / Stars And Stripes / Usa Flag / High Quality Flag
Francis Hopkins’ original designs included six-pointed stars. And because the Flag Act of 1777 was so vague, flag makers were free to interpret the design and placement of the stars and stripes.
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