What Are Large Windows Called – Most people look at a window and see two separate parts: the glass panel and the window frame. Of course, the window has more parts than that. Depending on the size and style of the window, there are many different components that work together to create a complete and secure window.
Knowing the features of all these window parts will help you make an informed decision if you want to replace or upgrade your windows. Knowing your window covering from a window fitter can help you shop around, choose a style, and ask the right questions during the installation process.
What Are Large Windows Called
We’ve put together this handy introduction to different parts of Windows so you know exactly what happens when things get technical.
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A casement window relies on a complex mechanism to operate, and its frame has inserts that allow it to do so. The enclosure window, on the other hand, opens directly on the hinge. This simple construction means fewer parts.
Whatever the style of the window, there are always some pieces that stand out. The main different parts of the window are:
You can identify the glass in the window. Most windows have multiple panes of glass either side by side or at the top and bottom, depending on the style of the window. These individual parts are called “window panes”.
Modern windows always use reinforced glass, so they are harder to break. This is usually tempered or laminated glass, both safer than standard glass.
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These days, they’re almost always double glazed to help keep the heat inside your home and the cold air out.
The window frame is one of those parts that can be identified without help. Usually uPVC is the name given to the outer frame that holds the window in place, made of wood or aluminum.
A sash is an internal “frame” that holds a single pane of glass. Made of the same material as the frame itself, any handle or mechanism to hold the window is usually attached to the sash.
The window bar moves vertically to open the window. In casement windows, the window sash may simply be called a “casement window” and slides outward on a hinge to open it.
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A window sill is a horizontal beam located at the top of the window (above the top of the frame).
A lintel, usually made of wood, steel or concrete, is the main part of the window construction. This supports the bricks above the window and can be considered part of the building structure rather than the window itself.
In old houses you can sometimes see a lintel made of stone or wood. If dyed or painted a different color the feature can be made and they look very attractive.
A window sill is a piece located at the bottom of the window, between the frame and the wall below. This is another structurally important part that supports the window.
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Outside the building, the sill protrudes slightly, often at an angle. As well as giving definition to the window’s appearance, this allows any rainwater to run off. To prevent water damage, it is important to keep water away from frame and window seals.
More decorative or intricate window styles may include inserts in the sash or frame as part of their decorative design.
A window grill (also called a window grill) is a decorative addition that divides a large window pane into smaller panels.
In the past, this lattice construction was necessary to build large windows because it was not possible to make the glass strong enough to support the larger panel size. They were expensive and therefore used as a status symbol according to the fashion of the time.
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These days, grills still have period features. Advances in glass construction mean that they are structurally unnecessary, so they are often placed over a large sheet of glass as a decorative but non-functional addition.
Transoms and uprights are used for multi-pane or casement windows. These are the parts of the window frame that separate the different panes of glass.
If the window has two vertically placed glass panels, the horizontal part of the frame separating them is called the “transformer”.
If a window has two or more horizontal panels, the vertical part of the window frame separating them is called a “mullion”.
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We hope this guide helped you understand the different parts that make up a window. If you are looking for new windows, we have a wide range of products with many different styles. From the JELD-WEN brand to wood and aluminum windows, we have something to suit every property. Just get in touch for more information.
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The cookie is set with the GDPR cookie consent to save user consent to cookies in the “Functional” category. You may hear the words “muntin” and “mullion” when preparing to replace windows or patio doors. These terms are often used interchangeably, but they actually mean different things. Andersen® from Portland’s book “Update” explains the difference between slats and battens.
One of the earliest references to Muntin can be seen in 1688, when author R. Holm mentioned “months and panels”. In 1850 the English Dictionary of Architecture gave a more precise definition: “British timbers invoke styles of exterior support, using the term ‘muntin’ for the intermediate vertical bars of the frame.”
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At that time, frame frames were structurally necessary for the exterior walls of older buildings, which could not support their own weight when large windows were installed. The slats provided critical structural support to the wall by balancing the weight of the window vertically. Slats today refer to any vertical divider to replace windows, doors, furniture or wood paneling. The slats are now for decoration rather than structural support.
The technology required to produce large sheets of glass has not yet been developed.
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