What Countries Do Wolves Live In

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What Countries Do Wolves Live In
What Countries Do Wolves Live In

What Countries Do Wolves Live In – The wolf was once widespread throughout Europe. However, in large parts of its original range, especially in Western and Central Europe, the species has been exterminated by humans. Due to intensified conservation efforts as well as hunting bans, populations in some European countries have been recovering for several years – for example, in Italy, Poland and Croatia. Since the late 1990s, the wolf has been reintroduced in Germany. Originally from the East, the wolf is now endemic to almost all of Germany’s federal states.

Wolves are very adaptable animals and can be found in the most diverse regions and habitats. Most wolves live in forests because, for centuries, they have been persecuted and pushed into less accessible areas. In order for wolves to live in a region, they need an adequate supply of water and game, as well as quiet places to raise their young.

What Countries Do Wolves Live In

What Countries Do Wolves Live In

Wolves are the ancestors of our domestic dogs. In some breeds, such as sheepdogs or huskies, the similarities are clear. Unlike domestic wolf dogs, wolves have longer bodies as well as legs. Wolves can reach a body length of 100 to 150 centimeters, a height of 60 to 90 centimeters, and a weight of 30 to 70 kilograms, although females are usually smaller and lighter than their male counterparts.

Norwegian Wolves Are Extinct, With No Genetic Trace Left Behind

The signs of wolves are quite different. In temperate regions of Europe, their fur is usually dark gray to brown. A typical paw print of an adult wolf is 8 to 10 centimeters long. Animal hooves are clearly visible, and this allows the tracks of a wolf to be distinguished from lynxes, for example. Unlike cats, wolves cannot retract their claws.

Wolves can live to the same age as dogs – about 10 to 12 years. The premature death of wolves can occur for a variety of reasons. In addition to diseases that also cause dogs, such as distemper or rabies, road traffic in particular is a life-threatening hazard for wolves.

Imprint from the life of wolves (To open the photo gallery, please click on one of the images.)

Depending on the time of year, as well as the habitat of the wolf, the composition of its food changes significantly. In winter, large herbivorous mammals form its main prey, for example, moose and reindeer in Northern Europe or deer, deer and wild boar in more southern habitats. Wolves mainly prey on older, sick or young animals, as they are easy prey. By doing this, the wolf plays an important role in the ecosystem, for example, keeping ungulate populations in check.

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In summer, smaller mammals, birds, fish, amphibians and even fruit are also part of the animal’s diet. Near human settlements, wolves may also prey on sheep and young cattle. Electric fences and herding dogs can help combat this. When prey is scarce, wolves will also eat carrion and garbage.

In Central Europe, the wolf mating season, also known as the rutting season, is from January to March. Wolf pups are born between April and June. A litter usually consists of four to six, but no more than eleven cubs. They are usually born in a den where the female wolf will dig herself or take from other animals such as foxes, breeding it as needed.

Newborn pups weigh only 300 to 500 grams, are blind and deaf, and have a thin, dark coat. The mother cares for her offspring for six to eight weeks, and on the twentieth day, the wolf cubs can eat solid food. At eight months, the young animals are fully grown. However, only from the age of two, when they reach sexual maturity, they leave the pack to find their mate and create new wolf packs. Until then, the young live with their parents in the herd and help raise their younger siblings.

What Countries Do Wolves Live In

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Wolf (canis Lupus): Brief Fact Sheet

In general, wolf populations in Europe have been recovering for several years. However, these large predators are still not readily accepted by many people. And while wolves are now protected by law in most European countries, the animals are often shot very quickly if there is a conflict with the interests of ranchers and hunters. The wolf is also under threat from the fragmentation of its habitat, especially in densely populated Central Europe. Wolf cubs that leave the pack cover up to 1,000 kilometers when they migrate, and many are hit by cars in the process.

In Europe, the wolf is protected by the Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the Berne Convention and the EU Directive on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and Wild Fauna and Flora. However, some European countries have hunting quotas for wolves.

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A wolf in its cage at the Hexentanzplatz Zoo in Thale, northern Germany. Klaus-Dietmar Gabbert/AFP/Getty Images hides signature

What Countries Do Wolves Live In

Farmers and hunters drove the species out of the country more than 150 years ago, but conditions for wolves became more welcoming in the 1990s, after German reunification extended European protection to the endangered species. in the eastern part of the country.

Forest Surprise: A Wolf Story

Since 2000, Central European gray wolves have returned, mainly from Poland. In the state of Brandenburg, which surrounds Berlin, the number of known wolf packs has increased from zero in 2007 to 26 this year, according to the state environment office.

This has come as a shock to many farmers, who now have to worry about protecting their livestock from predators. They don’t lose many animals to wolves across the country, but the few incidents that do occur can be dramatic. In April, at least 40 sheep were killed in an attack and news reports described the aftermath as “like a horror”.

At an anti-wolf rally last November in Brandenburg’s capital, Potsdam, farmer Marco Hintze said farmers should once again have the right to shoot wolves.

“If we miss him it’s OK, if we don’t miss him, [it shouldn’t] be against the law, and that’s what we’re trying to fight for,” Hintze said.

When Deer Disappear Off The Menu, Hungry Wolves Turn To Sea Otters

He said government officials were not sensitive to the concerns of people living in rural areas. He thinks that the German townspeople have come to romanticize the returning wolves.

“They think, ‘Aw, this is a beautiful wolf and it should be out in the wild and free.’ But the people who grew up in the village, they don’t need the wolf anymore,” said Hintze.

There are many parallels in wolf politics in the American West, where hunters and ranchers alike criticize wolf restoration as a policy supported by urban environmentalists who don’t have to live with the daily reality of predator presence. around.

What Countries Do Wolves Live In

Soil ecologist Hans-Holger Liste for a walk in the woods near his home near Berlin. He welcomes the region’s recovering wolf population and participates in pro-wolf activism. Martin Kaste/ hide caption

Interesting Facts About Wolves

Soil ecologist Hans-Holger Liste out for one

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