When Did Hitler Come To Power Germany

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When Did Hitler Come To Power Germany
When Did Hitler Come To Power Germany

When Did Hitler Come To Power Germany – The Nazi Party and its leader Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany, which was involved in an economic and political crisis. many

Contributors at the time recognized the dangers of the right-wing movement, but could not have predicted how complete and destructive the Nazi regime would become. In 1931, a prominent German liberal politician, Erich Koch Wisser, identified the Nazis as the greatest threat among groups that took advantage of the era’s “political extremism,” but described the power grab as “highly suspect.” written as In 1932, journalist Paul Schaefer observed Hitler’s “reckless skill” in playing on German anxieties, hatreds, and hopes, but remained skeptical that the Nazi movement could be translated into “practical politics.”

When Did Hitler Come To Power Germany

When Did Hitler Come To Power Germany

After the party won the parliamentary elections in 1933, Hitler was elected as the chancellor of Germany. From there, social and political change took place rapidly in the country. “One by one, the last remaining bastions of defense against the Nazi dictatorship are falling.”

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Editor Hamilton Fish Armstrong wrote later that year. Questions remain as to how the Nazis will rule at home and to what extent they will carry their “harsh” and “impatient” policies abroad. But in the early months, Armstrong noted, “we can’t say there’s any real evidence yet that allays our fears.”

Even years later, with the outbreak of World War II, the Nazi regime’s grip on German society, which journalist Dorothy Thompson described in the 1940s. It was difficult to describe the revolution as based on “Hitler’s psychosis”. It is easy to determine the extent of the threat posed by Nazi Germany. As Thompson said, “The West is facing the greatest danger in its history.”

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This site uses cookies to improve your experience. You can opt out of certain cookies using the Cookie Management page. A few months after he was elected chancellor, Hitler was greeted by fans at a rally in Nuremberg. Image: akg-images/picture-alliance

In the early 1930s, it seemed that Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party would never regain power.

In the fall of 1932, the Nazis lost support as the depressed economy began to improve. In the November 1932 federal election, the last free and fair vote before the Nazis came to power, Hitler’s National Socialist German Workers’ Party won a large number of votes but failed to secure a majority, meaning Hitler had to build a coalition in a constant political crisis.

When Did Hitler Come To Power Germany

Few predicted Hitler in 1933. January 30, according to Dan Diener, a German-Israeli historian, author and professor of modern history at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, will ascend to the position of chancellor.

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The consequences of Hitler’s dictatorship are well known. By the time of his death in 1945, Hitler’s devastating wars had killed 60 million people worldwide. Six million Jews, several million Sinti and Roma, the disabled and homosexuals were killed during the Holocaust.

Adolf Hitler raises his right hand in a fascist salute during a 1932 meeting with Nazi representatives at the Reichstag Photo: AP/picture alliance

In 1932, Diener said, by the fall, the Nazis “were down and the economy was booming.”

“And this very moment Hitler has been appointed Reich Chancellor. It really shouldn’t have happened.”

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But it happened and the rest is history. As noted by Diener, January 30 in 1933 became one of the “most important” dates in 20th-century German history.

In Germany, January 30th was marked by the term “Machergriffing” or “Seizure of Power”. But Hitler did not get power. Instead, it was handed to him when Reich President Paul von Hindenburg appointed the Nazi leader as Reich Chancellor.

The old leader had long opposed Hitler and had refused him the chancellorship in 1932 despite his good results at the polls.

When Did Hitler Come To Power Germany

Hitler’s appointment as chancellor was the result of behind-the-scenes politics and intrigue. Many people have played bad roles. Among them was the German nationalist-conservative politician Franz von Papen, who had to resign as Reich Chancellor in November 1932 and saw an opportunity to regain power.

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Papen convinced Hindenburg to make Hitler chancellor so that he could become vice chancellor. The nationalist conservative class believed that Hitler could be controlled and used as a “tool”, but this plan failed.

British historian Ian Kershaw has argued that Hitler was not the inevitable result of Germany’s “Sunderweg” or “Special Road” in the chaotic jump from aristocracy to democracy.

At the height of the Great Depression, nationalist-conservative politicians became the unwitting architects of Hitler’s rise, undermining both democracy and the threat of socialism to protect their own economic interests.

But while German reactionaries were happy to facilitate authoritarian rule, they greatly underestimated Hitler’s intentions and his ability to subvert the national defeat of World War I into World War II.

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“The roads are not taken. Or: It can be changed in another way”, reassesses the 1933 exhibition of the German History Museum in Berlin. January 30, among other dates that changed the history of Germany and often the world.

The exhibition, based on an idea by Dan Diener, is a journey through time, reflecting how a small change in events can lead to 14 decisive historical moments between 1989 and 1848 that changed the past and the future. .

“It’s not about a different version of history or even a so-called fake history,” Diener said. “Instead, looking at an alternative course of history allows us to look closer at what actually happened.”

When Did Hitler Come To Power Germany

By considering various historical possibilities, using archival images in the “Reality Room” and artistic scenarios in the “Possibilities Room,” the exhibit allows viewers to “relive actual events,” he said. Get a better understanding,” he said.

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For example, the peaceful revolution that led to the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. The 9th of November is set to be a “happiness coup” because only a few months earlier the East German regime supported China’s brutal crackdown on the Tiananmen Square protests.

The exhibition also considers how the failed assassination of Hitler in 1944 was successful. But since 1933, by the time the dictator took power on January 30, countless damage had already been done.

President Paul von Hindenburg (right) handed over power in Germany to the Nazi leader in 1933. January 30 Photo: Holton Archives/Keystone/Getty Images

The exhibit shows how the struggle to stay in power paved the way for Hitler and what Dan Diener calls “nuclear explosive power.”

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During the chaos of the late Weimar Republic, Reich President Hindenburg ruled by emergency decree and sometimes dissolved parliament. He can appoint and dismiss chancellors at will – just as he did with Hitler.

Had Hindenburg not chosen this course, Hitler would not have passed his presidential decree after the Reichstag fire in 1933, suspending the democratic rights enshrined in the Weimar Constitution and assuming absolute power. .

What lessons can we learn from this today? Diener’s answer is simple but meaningful: “It teaches you to respect institutions.”

When Did Hitler Come To Power Germany

And understand. After 1933, on the evening of January 30, Nazi paramilitary forces led a torchlight procession through Berlin at the Brandenburg Gate, many people turned a blind eye to the disaster that ensued.

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Even in the press, few saw the warning signs. However, no warnings were heeded, meaning no other roads were used. And yet everything was different.

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Germany became a republic in 1919. After losing World War I, Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated. Many Germans were unhappy with the new situation. They wanted to return to the empire. Many also believed that the ruling Social Democrats were responsible for the defeat of the war. However, by the mid-1930s things were looking up.

And then in the 1930s there was a global economic crisis. Germany could no longer pay the war debts stipulated in the Treaty of Versailles. Millions of Germans lost their jobs. The country also faced a political crisis. The cabinet fell, new elections were held continuously. Forming a majority government seemed impossible.

This was the background to the emergence of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP). When it was founded in 1920

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